Break through in Biotechnology to reduce pollution
Photosynthesis is the procedure, by which plants, a few microscopic organisms, and a few protistans utilize the vitality from daylight to deliver sugar, which cell breath changes over into ATP, the “fuel” utilized by every single living thing. The transformation of unusable daylight vitality into usable concoction vitality is connected with the activities of the green pigment chlorophyll. More often than not, the photosynthetic procedure utilizes water and discharges the oxygen that we completely should need to stay alive.
Scientists at the University of Copenhagen have found a characteristic procedure they depict as converse photosynthesis. All the while, the vitality in sun oriented beams separates, instead of fabricates plant material, just like the case with photosynthesis. The chlorophyll together specific enzyme called monooxygenses, the sunlight energy can be now used to broken down plant biomass. The energy released from biomass degradation with possible uses as chemicals, biofuels or other products. The entire process of breaking down plant biomass suing sunlight is considered as “reverse photosynthesis” reported in Nature communications. In the “reverse photosynthesis” the monooxygenses take oxygen and the sunlight to decompose and alter carbon bonds, in plants.
This technology brings faster production of energy (biofuels and biochemical) with reduced pollution. The reverse photosynthesis technology can be applied to produce methanol from methane and plastics.
Cannella, D., Mollers, K. B., Frigaard, N. U., Jensen, P. E., Bjerrum, M. J., Johansen, K. S., and Felby, C. (2016) Light-driven oxidation of polysaccharides by photosynthetic pigments and a metalloenzyme. Nature communications 7, 11134